Bay Area Man Questions How 'Spare-the-Air' Decisions Are Made
Former BAAQMD employee questions where one air monitoring device is placed. Is there one in your town? Check out our map to learn more about what pollutants are being measured and where.
According to the man, who lives in north Napa, the "smoking gun" is the "dishonesty" of the Bay Area Air Quality Management District, the agency that decides when to proclaim Spare-the-Air Alerts in the nine-county San Francisco Bay Area.
"The North Bay is frequently the reason we have Spare-the-Air days," says the man, who asked that his name not be used because he said he is a former employee of the BAAQMD, and he doesn't "want to be identified as the whistleblower."
"That is because their Napa sensor is literally on top of a Mexican bakery, next to a nail salon and another bakery, and just a few feet downwind from a BBQ restaurant," the Napa man says. "This is intentional so that they can claim that the air in Napa is bad. It isn't."
Ralph Borrmann, public information officer for the BAAQMD, says the Napa sensor -- at 2552 Jefferson St., across from a high school -- is one of 30 sensors in the Bay Area that are chosen according to strict U.S. Environmental Protection Agency standards. The Bay Area agency has no agenda of its own in choosing the sites, he said.
"We can't just site it where we want," Borrmann said. "We have to be in compliance with the U.S. EPA standards that are set on a national basis."
In Palo Alto, for example, there is a sensor at the airport. According to the BAAQMD, Palo Alto airport was chosen by the EPA as a lead monitoring site because planes use leaded fuel. After it was studied for a year, it was determined that, on average, lead levels exceed 50 percent of the national standard so the lead concentrations will be measured there indefinitely.
Borrmann said anyone may review the Napa sensor specifications on Page 77 of the agency's report, "2012 Air Monitoring Plan."
"The whole idea is to get a reading of the expression of ambient air quality for the air throughout the Bay Area," Borrmann said. "It gives us a picture of the region -- it's not done on a block-by-block basis."
According to the report, Napa was chosen to represent the Napa County region because it is the largest city, the report says. The Jefferson Street site was chosen because it is in the "middle" of various types of measures -- a mix of residential and commercial uses, but not close to an industrial source, for example.
But the Napa self-styled whistleblower said he objects to the Jefferson Street sensor site, saying that the monitoring locations are supposed to be in residential areas. He claims the BAAQMD applied for and received a waiver to site the sensor in a commercial area.
"Proof: please see page 265 and beyond of the Air District's document," the man said, offering the following link: http://www.baaqmd.gov/~/media/Files/Technical%20Services/2012_Network_Plan.ashx
"There is no tourist traffic here--it is all Napa inhabitants," he said. "It is clear that this air-monitoring site provides intentionally incorrect data with the sole purpose of stating that air in Napa County is unhealthful, which it is not."
Other allegations offered by the Napa man are that the BAAQMD lowered its particulate matter threshold recently so that it could issue more Spare-the-Air alerts, and that the whole process was a way to ensure job security and cost-of-living-increases for the air district staff.
Borrmann said the threshold levels are standard nationally: Air quality needs to stay below 35 micrograms per cubic meter of particulate matter that measures 2.5 microns or larger, according to the EPA. The BAAQMD issues the alerts when staff determine the region is in danger of exceeding that amount.
"We call it when we get to a certain level (of particulates)," Borrmann said. "We want to avoid exceeding the EPA's standard."
As to the monetary allegations, Borrmann said they are baseless.
"I don't see how calling a Spare-the-Air Day puts money in your pocket," he said.
The Napa man also claims the BAAQMD "is using Bay Area money to sponsor global climate change initiatives that are completely outside of their purview," he said.
"They are using Bay Area money for what should be, at best, a state issue but more likely a federal issue," he added.
"Not only did they create an entirely new division to study global climate change, they announced this direction over the summer," he said, offering a link to the press release. http://www.baaqmd.gov/~/media/Files/Communications%20and%20Outreach/Publications/News%20Releases/2013/climateres_131106.ashx?la=en
According to Borrmann, the press release quoted above, dated Nov. 6, is simply a statement of goals for improving air quality in the region -- and is not a plan to "create an entirely new division to study global climate change," as the Napa man alleges.
"We have a lot of goals," Borrmann said. "They are all outlined in the Clean Air Plan."
Borrmann said the Napa man — or anyone else who needs more details on the how the Napa sensor site was chosen — is welcome to contact him at firstname.lastname@example.org.