Is it true that the establishment of the United States Post Office’s air mail service is tied to Plainfield, Illinois?
The possibility of regularly-scheduled cross-country air mail delivery was advanced following experimental “path-finding” flights in September 1918. The goal of the trial flights was to deliver mail from New York to Chicago within a single day, a faster alternative to mail delivery by train.
Return Flight to New York
In spite of not completing their cross-country flights in a single day, pilots Max Miller and Eddie Gardner, a Plainfield native, had proven that the New York to Chicago flight was possible…even if the east-to-west attempt was deemed only moderately successful.
However, the air mail race continued with the return flights from Chicago to New York a few days later.
Miller returned to New York early in the morning on Sept. 9, 1918, but aborted the trip when his plane developed engine trouble near Cleveland, Ohio. With Miller grounded, Eddie Gardner was the post office department’s only hope for accomplishing a single-day flight as part of the inaugural path-finding experiment.
On Sept 10, 1918, Eddie Gardner took off in weather that went from bad to worse. By the time Gardner lifted off from Grant Park, the Chicago lakefront was being pelted by a driving rain. Landing in Cleveland for gas and oil, Gardner found that the keys to the fuel pumps had been misplaced. The lost keys resulted in a two hour delay, the interruption meant that Gardner would need to fly part of his route in the dark. Navigating through the darkness, Gardner and his mechanic, Ed Radel, found their way to the glow of New York City, but could not locate the bonfires which were to have been blazing to identify the designated landing field. In the darkness, Gardner confused 3 foot tall shrubs for 30 foot tall pine trees and crashed his plane about 10 miles short of the designated airstrip.
This flight, which brought the pilot and his mechanic close to death, marked the first time that mail had been carried between Chicago and New York in less than 24 hours. Gardner’s actual flying time was 9 hours and 18 minutes. Gardner had beaten the best record of the fastest mail train by well over ten hours.
Eight months later, Eddie Gardner, took off from Cleveland with the west-bound mail, landing in Chicago three hours and 50 minutes later.
Air mail service west of the Allegheny Mountains had been established!
Career Cut Short
Escaping several crashes, Eddie Gardner left the U. S. post office flight service a few weeks later. During the summer of 1919, Gardner entertained New York area residents with stunt flying demonstrations. After a brief stint in Texas, Gardner took a job as a “demonstrator” with the Nebraska Aircraft Corp. in December 1919.
While performing stunt flying demonstrations at an air show in tiny Holdredge, Nebraska, Gardner crashed his plane on May 5, 1921. Although he was conscious following the crash, Gardner was transported 165 miles to a Lincoln, Nebraska hospital. There, he fell into a coma and died, unexpectedly, early the following morning.
Eddie V. Gardner was buried, with full military honors, at Plainfield on Monday, May 9, 1921. As part of the graveside service, several of Gardner’s former army pilots flew over the gravesite as a token of respect.
Memorialized On Canvas
Nearly 26 years later, ground was broken for the construction of a new post office building on Des Plaines Street, immediately north of Lockport Street. Built for Roy Graver by Herb Mauer and Allan Mauer, the new building was erected on land leased from the Flagg family.
While construction was under way, more than 85 Plainfield businessmen and other residents donated money to honor Eddie Gardner’s remarkable role in the establishment of national air mail service. The drive, led by Carlton F. Steigle, raised the funds needed for a mural that would be hung in the lobby of Plainfield’s new post office building.
Harold S. Hewlett, Plainfield resident and accomplished artist was commissioned to paint the mural, depicting Gardner’s accomplishments. Hewlett—according to grandson Bob Coleman and his wife, Linda—was born in 1893 at Joliet and, later, attended the Art Institute at Chicago.
In 1918, Harold Hewlett and his wife, Mary, returned to Joliet, where he gained work as a commercial artist. Eight years later, the Hewlett family moved to Plainfield, residing in a home on Joliet Road across from the Plainfield Township Cemetery.
Hewlett was a sought-after artist with the Gerlach-Barklow Company, serving as its art director between 1933 and 1958. During that time, Hewlett painted the 5 foot by 24 foot mural that was hung in the lobby of the Plainfield Post Office.
When the Plainfield post office building was dedicated on Saturday, August 3, 1957, Eddie Gardner’s sister, Nellie Gardner Spangler, unveiled Hewlett’s work that honored Gardner and his noteworthy contributions to the establishment of air mail service in the United States.
The original mural of Plainfield’s pioneering pilot—commissioned by the Plainfield business community as a gift to Plainfield’s residents—has been moved twice as the local post office has relocated and expanded. Today—55 years after its dedication, the important mural of a Plainfield aviation legend by a renowned Plainfield artist is hung high in the mail sorting room of the Plainfield post office facility.
Although many residents—including the Plainfield Historical Society have inquired about having the mural on public display once again, the mural remains out of public view.
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Have a question about Plainfield’s history? Send your inquiries to Michael Lambert via Plainfield Patch.
© 2012 Michael A. Lambert. All Rights Reserved