15 Sep 2014
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Uniquely Medfield: Medfield’s Philanthropist

A weekly column by Town Historian Richard DeSorgher.

Uniquely Medfield: Medfield’s Philanthropist Uniquely Medfield: Medfield’s Philanthropist Uniquely Medfield: Medfield’s Philanthropist Uniquely Medfield: Medfield’s Philanthropist Uniquely Medfield: Medfield’s Philanthropist Uniquely Medfield: Medfield’s Philanthropist Uniquely Medfield: Medfield’s Philanthropist

He died 83 years ago this week, on Dec. 7, 1929, and the town greatly felt his loss. His portrait watches over those working in the reference room of Medfield’s Memorial Public Library and yet only a handful of people in town know it is him.  His donations and gifts to the town still impacts Medfield’s character to this very day. Others in town actually named their children after him.

He is Granville F. Dailey.

Granville Dailey was born in New York City on March 20, 1848, and was educated in the public schools there. Dailey went on to become a very successful merchant, business partner with the Medfield hat factory and vice president of the Harlem Savings Bank in New York City.

Starting in 1871, Dailey and brother-in-law Haskell Searle, were business partners with Medfield hat factory owner Daniel D. Curtis.  They managed its New York City connection. They attended to the sales and purchasing of braid, while Curtis’ attentions were on the manufacturing in the Medfield plant. 

In 1886, after the death of Daniel Curtis, he took charge and the name of the hat factory changed to Searle, Dailey & Company. In 1899, the factory name was changed yet again under the ownership of Edwin V. Mitchell. It was renamed the Edwin V. Mitchell Company but the New York office retained the name of Searle, Dailey & Company because Haskell Searle and Granville Dailey had been so well known to the trade for such a long time.

Due to the nature of his business, that took him between New York and Medfield, Dailey had a summer home in Medfield which was  located at 115 North Street. It was here in 1901 that tragedy struck with his youngest daughter dying at the age of eighteen. 

Dailey was very involved in Medfield town affairs. In 1903, he and business partner Edwin V. Mitchell bought controlling interest in the Medfield Water Company. In 1920 Dailey donated those shares to the town. This enabled Medfield to purchase the plant, land and franchise of the Medfield Water Company, changing, for the first time, water service in Medfield from private to public control. A three member water board was then elected.

In 1909, Edwin V. Mitchell resigned from active work as owner and president of the hat factory and Granville Mitchell was elected president of the Edwin V. Mitchell Company. Tragedy again struck, this time in 1911, when Dailey’s wife died at the Medfield summer home. Her remains were taken to New York City for burial.

Saving the Peak House

In 1923, Medfield’s famed Peak House was in a state of deterioration and was facing demolition, when a grassroots effort began in the town to save the historic structure. A town committee was appointed made up of Dr. Henry Lee Morse, Michael Griffin and Granville Dailey.  Dailey, knowing its historic value to the town, donated the $1,600 expense needed for its renovation. The historic house was then signed over to the Medfield Historical Society on June 27, 1924. The Historical Society then undertook the task of restoration. Because of this, a rare surviving example of early Colonial architecture was saved from decay and demolition, the fate of too many historic older homes. Today, the Peak House is proudly listed on the State and National Register of Historic Places, thanks in large part to the efforts and financial outpouring by Granville Dailey.

Gifting the Memorial Public Library

Perhaps Dailey’s greatest impact on the town happened in 1916 when the town accepted as a gift from him, a Memorial Public Library, built on the southeast corner of Main and Pleasant Streets in accordance with plans submitted by famed architect William G. Perry.  Perry, who lived in the famed and historic Mason Homestead on 190 North Street (currently for sale), was hired by John D. Rockefeller for the restoration of Colonial Williamsburg in Virginia. A look at the architect of the library today reflects that style. The Medfield Public Library was previously located in a small room inside town hall. The new library was dedicated as a memorial to Dailey’s late wife and daughter, hence the name Medfield Memorial Public Library.  His gift totaled $76,374.20.  The library dedication ceremony took place in town hall on July 25, 1917 where Dailey presented the keys to the library to Medfield selectmen. 

Granville F. Dailey died on December 7, 1929 but his impact continues to be felt to this very day. 

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